# 2N3507 driving motor

P

#### Peter

Jan 1, 1970
0
I have a question:

Tonight for laughs I built a triangle wave generator (floating above
ground) to the input of a unity gain op-amp which is in a closed loop
system.

On the op-amps output, I have a 100ohm resistor connected to the base of a
2N3507, 9 volts on the collector and the emitter is fedback to the
inverting input (for the closed loop system). The emitter's output is also
connected to a minature fan that draws about 0.5 amps at full on.

My idea was to slow the fan and then speed it up with the triangle wave
generator (changing the ramp time by RC). But I ran into a problem: the
transistor gets as hot as a pistol.

The datasheet has an Ic of 3A and yet I'm only driving (let's even call it
1A) not even half the maximum rating.

Should this be connected to a heat sink and if yes, how would I have known

E

#### ehsjr

Jan 1, 1970
0
Peter said:
I have a question:

Tonight for laughs I built a triangle wave generator (floating above
ground) to the input of a unity gain op-amp which is in a closed loop
system.

On the op-amps output, I have a 100ohm resistor connected to the base of a
2N3507, 9 volts on the collector and the emitter is fedback to the
inverting input (for the closed loop system). The emitter's output is also
connected to a minature fan that draws about 0.5 amps at full on.

My idea was to slow the fan and then speed it up with the triangle wave
generator (changing the ramp time by RC). But I ran into a problem: the
transistor gets as hot as a pistol.

The datasheet has an Ic of 3A and yet I'm only driving (let's even call it
1A) not even half the maximum rating.

Should this be connected to a heat sink and if yes, how would I have known

The problem is that you are not driving the transistor into
saturation with the triangle wave, you are ramping it through
the linear region. You're also driving the transistor with an
op amp, which may not be able to provide enough current
to drive the 2N3507, even if you use a square wave.

If you *must* use a triangle wave, get a bigger transistor and
put it on a heatsink. Better yet, use a square wave PWM. And
drive a darlington power transistor, like a TIP120 so that the
amount of base current neede for saturation is real small.
Or use a 555 as the square wave source - it can provide up to
200 mA into the base of your transistor and a darlington won't
be needed.

Ed

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