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Led Matrix 5x7 creation from scratch.

  • Thread starter Adrian de los Santos
  • Start date
A

Adrian de los Santos

Jan 1, 1970
0
I guys, first sorry for my english.

I am in a project where i need some 5x7 led matrix displays, but since
it has been impossible for me to find such component here in mexico
city, i want to create (or try to create) my own 5x7 led matrix, but
here its where my doubts come, how the 5x7 led arrays works ? i have
never use or seen one (appart form the photos on the web).

Anyone has a schematic on how those things are build ?

And more important, how they work ?

I want to build something like this:

http://www.sourceresearch.com/sunle...orNote=0.7in (18mm) 5x7&Note=Dot Matrix&Tag=1

Thanks


Thanks a lot for your kind reply.
 
P

petrus bitbyter

Jan 1, 1970
0
Adrian de los Santos said:
I guys, first sorry for my english.

I am in a project where i need some 5x7 led matrix displays, but since
it has been impossible for me to find such component here in mexico
city, i want to create (or try to create) my own 5x7 led matrix, but
here its where my doubts come, how the 5x7 led arrays works ? i have
never use or seen one (appart form the photos on the web).

Anyone has a schematic on how those things are build ?

And more important, how they work ?

I want to build something like this:

http://www.sourceresearch.com/sunle...orNote=0.7in (18mm) 5x7&Note=Dot Matrix&Tag=1

Thanks


Thanks a lot for your kind reply.

Hard to believe you can't find such things in that great a town.

Nevertheless, you can find most of the reply in the datasheets you
mentioned. The LEDs are place in a 5x7 matrix, five columns, seven rows. All
anodes of the LEDs in a column are tied together and all cathodes in each
row are tied together. To light a particular LED you turn its column high
keeping the others low and its row low keeping the others high. If you want
to light more LEDs in that particular column, you pull their rows low XOR if
you want to light more LEDs in that particular row, you push their columns
high. You can't do both at the same time. To show a picture or a character
you have to do either the rows or the columns one by one. If you're quick
enough the eye will not see the switching just like a movie or a tv (or the
PCs monitor.) Some hundreds of Herz up to about 1kHz are often used.

petrus
 
A

Adrian de los Santos

Jan 1, 1970
0
Hard to believe you can't find such things in that great a town.

Nevertheless, you can find most of the reply in the datasheets you
mentioned. The LEDs are place in a 5x7 matrix, five columns, seven rows. All
anodes of the LEDs in a column are tied together and all cathodes in each
row are tied together. To light a particular LED you turn its column high
keeping the others low and its row low keeping the others high. If you want
to light more LEDs in that particular column, you pull their rows low XOR if
you want to light more LEDs in that particular row, you push their columns
high. You can't do both at the same time. To show a picture or a character
you have to do either the rows or the columns one by one. If you're quick
enough the eye will not see the switching just like a movie or a tv (or the
PCs monitor.) Some hundreds of Herz up to about 1kHz are often used.

Here its my problem, to tell you the truth i dont understand what you
mean when you say keep the other low and high, someone told me that i
need power in one side and a "open collector" on the other side, but i
dont understand what its an open collector, and i have to appy current
in both sides ? (columns and rows)
 
P

Peter Bennett

Jan 1, 1970
0
Here its my problem, to tell you the truth i dont understand what you
mean when you say keep the other low and high, someone told me that i
need power in one side and a "open collector" on the other side, but i
dont understand what its an open collector, and i have to appy current
in both sides ? (columns and rows)

"Open collector" generally refers to an IC having as its output an
NPN transistor with its emitter grounded, and the collector connected
to the output pin (with no other connection inside the chip)

In these LED arrays, all the LEDs in a column have their anodes
connected together, and all the LEDs in a row have their cathodes
connected together.

To light up one LED, you connect the appropriate column line to a
positive supply, and the appropriate row line to ground (with a
resistor somewhere to limit current, as with any LED.)

In a normal application, you will pull column lines high, one at a
time, while pulling row lines low as needed to light the appropriate
LEDs.


--
Peter Bennett, VE7CEI
peterbb (at) interchange.ubc.ca
new newsgroup users info : http://vancouver-webpages.com/nnq
GPS and NMEA info: http://vancouver-webpages.com/peter
Vancouver Power Squadron: http://vancouver.powersquadron.ca
 
M

Mikal Hodvik

Jan 1, 1970
0
Whoa, there! You need resistors to limit LED current in this circuit! Put
them in either (but not both) row or column lines. 150R gives about 20mA,
which is the maximum continuous current for many discrete LEDs. Otherwise,
your circuit should work just fine.

When the display is driven by a multiplexed display driver, LED current can
often be higher because duty cycle is low.

Mikal Hodvik
Decade Engineering
www.decadenet.com
 

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