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Open source Logic Analyser

C

Craig Rodgers

Jan 1, 1970
0
Hi all.

I have recently found myself in a position as, I'm sure many of you that
have worked with embedded systems have, where a logic analyser would be of
great advantage to debugging my projects. I have now come up agains a couple
of situations where my CRO just won't cut it.

Unfortunately I am not able to afford a DSD oscilloscope or a commercial
logic analyser. My requirements are much lower then most of the commercial
logic analysers I've come across anyway, I'm looking for something that can
handle a maximum frequency of about 20~40 MHz.

I've decided that I'd like to try and make my own, at the moment I'm
planning a modular architecture based around 74F serries logic and a mcu.
The plan at the moment is to have a control module that is responsible for
interfacing the capture devices to a computer for display. And have up to 8
capture modules (of 8 bits each) that interface to the a 3.3/5V circuit
under test. Also I'd like to try and keep the cost of each module to less
then $100AUD. I am aware of a design that was published in Elector electronics some months ago. It was lacking one particular feature that I deem as essential in any logic analyser. That is the ability to set trigger conditions based on input conditions, a feature I plan on implementing in my design. Obviously this design is of a "one-off" nature for myself. I feel that this is the sort of project that would be of interest to many people involved in embedded systems at a hobbyist to semi-professional level. So I am considering a open hardware type approach to this project so that other people can partake, and I dare say I can learn something from the experience. Which brings me to the point of this post. Does anyone know of a good sourceforge type site for open hardware development. I was aware of openh.org but they seem to have disappeared off the face of the internet. Also I was hopping to gauge the level of interest in people, would anybody in this newsgroup be likely to use such a product if it was developed. Regards Craig Rodgers G Gary Pace Jan 1, 1970 0 Craig , This isn't really an answer to your question about open-source hardware, rather an idea of a way to get your logic analyzer. Consider using an FPGA. Altera Cyclone is an excellent part for this: The EP1C6Q240 has : 4 dedicated clock lines for sampling Loads of IO 4 IO banks, each of which can operate from different voltage levels Embedded memory arrays for waveform storage Lots of embedded logic / latches to create complex multi-state triggers Free development software One thing that might be a pain is that it isn't directly 5v tolerant, but a few 5v tolerant low voltage buffers isn't much of an overhead. Gary. K kryten_droid Jan 1, 1970 0 K kryten_droid Jan 1, 1970 0 http://panda.bg.univ.gda.pl/~janusz/software.html#anlog "The analyser consists of up to 40 TTL channels, connects to a host PC via parallel printer port and is capable of capturing data at a frequency of up to 50 MHz (external, and 16 internal frequencies). The trigger word can be set to any combination of "Low", "High" and "Don't care" states. In addition, a preset number of Triggers and samples after the final Trigger can be specified. The Logic Analyser buffer is 2048 samples wide." M mike Jan 1, 1970 0 Craig said: Hi all. I have recently found myself in a position as, I'm sure many of you that have worked with embedded systems have, where a logic analyser would be of great advantage to debugging my projects. I have now come up agains a couple of situations where my CRO just won't cut it. Unfortunately I am not able to afford a DSD oscilloscope or a commercial logic analyser. My requirements are much lower then most of the commercial logic analysers I've come across anyway, I'm looking for something that can handle a maximum frequency of about 20~40 MHz. I've decided that I'd like to try and make my own, at the moment I'm planning a modular architecture based around 74F serries logic and a mcu. The plan at the moment is to have a control module that is responsible for interfacing the capture devices to a computer for display. And have up to 8 capture modules (of 8 bits each) that interface to the a 3.3/5V circuit under test. Also I'd like to try and keep the cost of each module to less then$100AUD.

I am aware of a design that was published in Elector electronics some months
ago. It was lacking one particular feature that I deem as essential in any
logic analyser. That is the ability to set trigger conditions based on input
conditions, a feature I plan on implementing in my design.

Obviously this design is of a "one-off" nature for myself. I feel that this
is the sort of project that would be of interest to many people involved in
embedded systems at a hobbyist to semi-professional level. So I am
considering a open hardware type approach to this project so that other
people can partake, and I dare say I can learn something from the
experience.

Which brings me to the point of this post. Does anyone know of a good
sourceforge type site for open hardware development. I was aware of
openh.org but they seem to have disappeared off the face of the internet.
Also I was hopping to gauge the level of interest in people, would anybody
in this newsgroup be likely to use such a product if it was developed.

Regards

Craig Rodgers

Logic analysis is one of my favorite rant topics, so buckle up.
What do you mean by 20-40 MHz? If you mean state analysis of a system
that has states that can change every 25 ns, you have one set of
problems. If you mean you want to look for timing problems on a system
that changes state every 25 ns, you have a different set of problems.

If you want to do it with affordable hardware, ie hardware that's only a
few times faster performance to what you're debugging, plan on
pipelining your word recognizer.

A LOGIC ANALYZER IS USELESS IF YOU CAN'T TRUST IT COMPLETELY!!

Channel skew will drive you buggy. You wanna build 64 channels spread
across 8 cables and keep the skew low. Getting the signal from the
source without loading it and with well defined notions of 1 and 0 and
without adding skew and crosstalk and, and, and is a VERY difficult
problem. This was 20 years ago at Tektronix, we got to
10 MHz, just barely, by using ribbon cable with a ground plane along the
whole length. The higher speed stuff used lots of twisted pairs in a
round cable. Remember that typical cable is made by running one wire
down the center and twisting the others around it. This is DISASTER
for a logic analyzer. You need special cables.

There's an interesting technique that revolves around a FPGA. You
compile the trigger recognizer state machine on the spot and download
it to the FPGA. Years ago, when I approached FPGA vendors about the
subject, they flatly refused to disclose how to program their parts.
More recently, there's a commercial analyzer on the market that appears
to work just that way. Don't remember the name, but they sell 'em at Fry's.

I built a probe hooked to a socket, programmed a GAL20V8 as a word
recognizer and used that to trigger my scope or simple LA that had
insufficient trigger capability. Was a pain to program each time, but
I was able to do things I couldn't do otherwise.

I've found that most problems where you're in control of the design fit
into two categories.
1) you can make indirect measurements and determine the source of the
problem logically.
2) It's very complex and intermittent and even the best LA won't help
you. ie debugging the innards of a CPU.

Yep, there are situations in between where a good LA will help, but as a
percentage, it ain't much.

And there's always that ole chicken-egg problem. It takes a logic
analyzer to debug a logic analyzer design.

I could go on for days, but I'm tired.

Bottom line:
If your time has any value, go buy a used logic analyzer. Make sure it
comes with probes.

If you're just in it to build one and don't really care if you can trust
it, go right ahead and have fun with it. Start with the biggest FPGA
that you can afford the tools to program. Choose your glue logic family
from those who's 0 and 1 propagation delays are the same.

mike

--
Bunch of stuff For Sale and Wanted at the link below.
21' RV, 400cc Dirt Bike
Police Scanner, LCD overhead projector
Tek 2465, ham radio, 30pS pulser
Tektronix Concept Books, spot welding head...
http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Monitor/4710/

C

Craig Rodgers

Jan 1, 1970
0
I had actually given the idea of an FPGA based design some thought. I would
love to be able to be let loose on an FPGA, I think I've got enough VHDL &
Verilog under my belt to give it a decent go.

But getting access to the synthesis tools always seems to cause issues. The
"free" ones from the manufacture always seem overly crippled.

Also, this one seems to be something that I've missed along the way, how the
F**k do you program the buggers once you've synthesized your design. I think
that the old school PLD's from Xilinx etc used to require an external EPROM
to store the binary mask in. I think the manufactures finally started
providing Flash based ones but I've got no idea how you'd go about actually

FPGA's at the moment seem too expensive, the per component cost is high, the
cost of development tools is large. And the price of the development boards
I've seen is some what excessive.

If I do this project I'd like to do it in such away that it affordable and
accessible for almost everyone. I think that means I'm going to have to
accept some loss of flexibility and stick to readily available components. I
feel that 74F series components are probable the most widely available set
of components suitable for the job. May be I'm wrong I'd love to hear
suggestions, particularly those regarding free/low cost FPGA development
tools

Craig

C

Craig Rodgers

Jan 1, 1970
0
Logic analysis is one of my favorite rant topics, so buckle up.
What do you mean by 20-40 MHz? If you mean state analysis of a system
that has states that can change every 25 ns, you have one set of
problems. If you mean you want to look for timing problems on a system
that changes state every 25 ns, you have a different set of problems.

More analysis of a system that can change states upto each 50ns or so.
I realise that in reality I'm dreaming if i think i can pick up glitches a
magnitude smaller in a system at this speed using off the self components.
If you want to do it with affordable hardware, ie hardware that's only a
few times faster performance to what you're debugging, plan on
pipelining your word recognizer.

A LOGIC ANALYZER IS USELESS IF YOU CAN'T TRUST IT COMPLETELY!!

agrred, and so long as you realise the limitations of your equipment I feel
you should be able to trust it.
Channel skew will drive you buggy. You wanna build 64 channels spread
across 8 cables and keep the skew low. Getting the signal from the
source without loading it and with well defined notions of 1 and 0 and
without adding skew and crosstalk and, and, and is a VERY difficult
problem. This was 20 years ago at Tektronix, we got to
10 MHz, just barely, by using ribbon cable with a ground plane along the
whole length. The higher speed stuff used lots of twisted pairs in a
round cable. Remember that typical cable is made by running one wire
down the center and twisting the others around it. This is DISASTER
for a logic analyzer. You need special cables.

Thank you this is an area I hadn't thought about. Clearly I'm going to have
to give it some more thought particuarly channel skew. Although I was under
the impression that most of the twisted pair cables aroung today were of a
resonable quality. Surely if I can transmit Gbs down CAT 5 even taking into
account the pulse shaping to help limint the ISI then it's not unreasonable
to
think i can recieve 20MHz signals down a similar twisted pair with minimal
cross talk problems..
There's an interesting technique that revolves around a FPGA. You
compile the trigger recognizer state machine on the spot and download
it to the FPGA. Years ago, when I approached FPGA vendors about the
subject, they flatly refused to disclose how to program their parts.
More recently, there's a commercial analyzer on the market that appears
to work just that way. Don't remember the name, but they sell 'em at Fry's.

I built a probe hooked to a socket, programmed a GAL20V8 as a word
recognizer and used that to trigger my scope or simple LA that had
insufficient trigger capability. Was a pain to program each time, but
I was able to do things I couldn't do otherwise.

May be a suitable alternative for me at the moment.
I've found that most problems where you're in control of the design fit
into two categories.
1) you can make indirect measurements and determine the source of the
problem logically.
2) It's very complex and intermittent and even the best LA won't help
you. ie debugging the innards of a CPU.
Yep, there are situations in between where a good LA will help, but as a
percentage, it ain't much.

I don't expect a logic analyser to be a magic bullet in any circumstances.
I do expect to get some time savings from it from not having to repeat
the fault condition every 2 minuets in order to take another reading.

And there's always that ole chicken-egg problem. It takes a logic
analyzer to debug a logic analyzer design.
I could go on for days, but I'm tired.

Bottom line:
If your time has any value, go buy a used logic analyzer. Make sure it
comes with probes.

if I could i would.
If you're just in it to build one and don't really care if you can trust
it, go right ahead and have fun with it. Start with the biggest FPGA
that you can afford the tools to program. Choose your glue logic family
from those who's 0 and 1 propagation delays are the same.

Thanks for the tip.

Craig

B

Brett

Jan 1, 1970
0
Atmel still has external eeprom type-fpgas I think. I have a few I never
used.

G

Gary Pace

Jan 1, 1970
0
Altera's web edition of Quartus II software is free, and is pretty much full
featured - the limitations are in devices supported (i.e not their screaming
high end Stratix devices) and there are no third party synthesis/simulation
tools bundled (Altera's native ones seem fine to me)

The EP1C6Q240 is around USD 24 in development quantities, and Altera have a
low cost serial FLASH configuration device (don't know what low cost means
in practice) that can be JTAG ISP'ed using a cheap ByteBlaster parallel
cable.

I don't know about evaluation boards and device programmers - Altera's
website lists Cyclone development kits down to USD 500.

I hadn't used an FPGA for 10 years, but I just completed a design with the
above part and it was a breeze.

B

Brett

Jan 1, 1970
0
Except no documentation...

A

Alex Gibson

Jan 1, 1970
0
Craig Rodgers said:
Hi all.

I have recently found myself in a position as, I'm sure many of you that
have worked with embedded systems have, where a logic analyser would be of
great advantage to debugging my projects. I have now come up agains a couple
of situations where my CRO just won't cut it.

Unfortunately I am not able to afford a DSD oscilloscope or a commercial
logic analyser. My requirements are much lower then most of the commercial
logic analysers I've come across anyway, I'm looking for something that can
handle a maximum frequency of about 20~40 MHz.

I've decided that I'd like to try and make my own, at the moment I'm
planning a modular architecture based around 74F serries logic and a mcu.
The plan at the moment is to have a control module that is responsible for
interfacing the capture devices to a computer for display. And have up to 8
capture modules (of 8 bits each) that interface to the a 3.3/5V circuit
under test. Also I'd like to try and keep the cost of each module to less
then $100AUD. I am aware of a design that was published in Elector electronics some months ago. It was lacking one particular feature that I deem as essential in any logic analyser. That is the ability to set trigger conditions based on input conditions, a feature I plan on implementing in my design. Obviously this design is of a "one-off" nature for myself. I feel that this is the sort of project that would be of interest to many people involved in embedded systems at a hobbyist to semi-professional level. So I am considering a open hardware type approach to this project so that other people can partake, and I dare say I can learn something from the experience. Which brings me to the point of this post. Does anyone know of a good sourceforge type site for open hardware development. I was aware of openh.org but they seem to have disappeared off the face of the internet. Also I was hopping to gauge the level of interest in people, would anybody in this newsgroup be likely to use such a product if it was developed. Regards Craig Rodgers look under projects on avrfreaks. also you will find a few searching on google. for a logic analyser have a look at www.rockylogic.com. I have an ant8. Works very well for circuits under 100MHz. for fpga. may want to have a look at actel. have a flash based fpga so you don't need a eeprom or data flash to store your bitstram in. also have a look on opencores.org Alex A Alex Gibson Jan 1, 1970 0 John R. Strohm said: Craig Rodgers said: Hi all. I have recently found myself in a position as, I'm sure many of you that have worked with embedded systems have, where a logic analyser would be of great advantage to debugging my projects. I have now come up agains a couple of situations where my CRO just won't cut it. Unfortunately I am not able to afford a DSD oscilloscope or a commercial logic analyser. My requirements are much lower then most of the commercial logic analysers I've come across anyway, I'm looking for something that can handle a maximum frequency of about 20~40 MHz. [snip] eBay is your FRIEND. Do a search on eBay for "logic analyzer". I just did, and found 80 entries, of which most do indeed appear to be analyzers. I'd be willing to bet that there are a few in there that will do what you need AND are in your price range. no much help in your not in the US. Note the op's email address .au = Australia. M Markus Zingg Jan 1, 1970 0 [snip] no much help in your not in the US. Note the op's email address .au = Australia. So what? Look at my e-mail address ( .ch ) which means Switzerland. I bought 3 scopes and 4 analyzers for me and others from e-bay.com (i.e. from the US). Ok, I had ot add ~$120 shipping but considering the fact
that you then get working systems which you can trust and that you are
not faced with X hours of developement time trouble etc. etc. made it
very worthwile. I haven't regretted yet a single purchase yet. Ok, if
the original poster does this for the fun of it and for learing
without pressure of having an analyzer to complete a task etc.
building his own might be the right decission - otherwise e-bay is
really a good option.

Just my 2¢ though

Markus

D

David L. Jones

Jan 1, 1970
0
Hi all.

I have recently found myself in a position as, I'm sure many of you that
have worked with embedded systems have, where a logic analyser would be of
great advantage to debugging my projects. I have now come up agains a couple
of situations where my CRO just won't cut it.

Unfortunately I am not able to afford a DSD oscilloscope or a commercial
logic analyser. My requirements are much lower then most of the commercial
logic analysers I've come across anyway, I'm looking for something that can
handle a maximum frequency of about 20~40 MHz.

I've decided that I'd like to try and make my own, at the moment I'm
planning a modular architecture based around 74F serries logic and a mcu.
The plan at the moment is to have a control module that is responsible for
interfacing the capture devices to a computer for display. And have up to 8
capture modules (of 8 bits each) that interface to the a 3.3/5V circuit
under test. Also I'd like to try and keep the cost of each module to less
then $100AUD. I am aware of a design that was published in Elector electronics some months ago. It was lacking one particular feature that I deem as essential in any logic analyser. That is the ability to set trigger conditions based on input conditions, a feature I plan on implementing in my design. Obviously this design is of a "one-off" nature for myself. I feel that this is the sort of project that would be of interest to many people involved in embedded systems at a hobbyist to semi-professional level. So I am considering a open hardware type approach to this project so that other people can partake, and I dare say I can learn something from the experience. Which brings me to the point of this post. Does anyone know of a good sourceforge type site for open hardware development. I was aware of openh.org but they seem to have disappeared off the face of the internet. Also I was hopping to gauge the level of interest in people, would anybody in this newsgroup be likely to use such a product if it was developed. Regards Craig Rodgers Hi Craig, You may be interested in my old design that was published in Electronics Australia many years back: http://electronics.alternatezone.com/pcla.htm Seriously, forget 74F series logic and go for a PLD/FPGA based design. Interface to the PC via USB. This has already been done here with the ANT-8, but it's not open source: http://www.usb-instruments.com/hardware-ANT8.htm Bit expensive at over$300AU though.

Regards
Dave

D

David Milne

Jan 1, 1970
0
Craig said:
Hi all.

I have recently found myself in a position as, I'm sure many of you that
have worked with embedded systems have, where a logic analyser would be of
great advantage to debugging my projects. I have now come up agains a couple
of situations where my CRO just won't cut it.

Unfortunately I am not able to afford a DSD oscilloscope or a commercial
logic analyser. My requirements are much lower then most of the commercial
logic analysers I've come across anyway, I'm looking for something that can
handle a maximum frequency of about 20~40 MHz.

I've decided that I'd like to try and make my own, at the moment I'm
planning a modular architecture based around 74F serries logic and a mcu.
The plan at the moment is to have a control module that is responsible for
interfacing the capture devices to a computer for display. And have up to 8
capture modules (of 8 bits each) that interface to the a 3.3/5V circuit
under test. Also I'd like to try and keep the cost of each module to less
then $100AUD. I am aware of a design that was published in Elector electronics some months ago. It was lacking one particular feature that I deem as essential in any logic analyser. That is the ability to set trigger conditions based on input conditions, a feature I plan on implementing in my design. Obviously this design is of a "one-off" nature for myself. I feel that this is the sort of project that would be of interest to many people involved in embedded systems at a hobbyist to semi-professional level. So I am considering a open hardware type approach to this project so that other people can partake, and I dare say I can learn something from the experience. Which brings me to the point of this post. Does anyone know of a good sourceforge type site for open hardware development. I was aware of openh.org but they seem to have disappeared off the face of the internet. Also I was hopping to gauge the level of interest in people, would anybody in this newsgroup be likely to use such a product if it was developed. Regards Craig Rodgers Check out Bitscope. http://www.bitscope.com/ D David L. Jones Jan 1, 1970 0 I had actually given the idea of an FPGA based design some thought. I would love to be able to be let loose on an FPGA, I think I've got enough VHDL & Verilog under my belt to give it a decent go. But getting access to the synthesis tools always seems to cause issues. The "free" ones from the manufacture always seem overly crippled. Also, this one seems to be something that I've missed along the way, how the F**k do you program the buggers once you've synthesized your design. I think that the old school PLD's from Xilinx etc used to require an external EPROM to store the binary mask in. I think the manufactures finally started providing Flash based ones but I've got no idea how you'd go about actually downloading the mask to one with out requiring some expensive programmer. FPGA's at the moment seem too expensive, the per component cost is high, the cost of development tools is large. And the price of the development boards I've seen is some what excessive. If I do this project I'd like to do it in such away that it affordable and accessible for almost everyone. I think that means I'm going to have to accept some loss of flexibility and stick to readily available components. I feel that 74F series components are probable the most widely available set of components suitable for the job. May be I'm wrong I'd love to hear suggestions, particularly those regarding free/low cost FPGA development tools Craig Hi Craig, While it is possible to do a logic analyser with 74F/AC series logic, it's a logistic nightmare, and no one will be interested in building it, even if it's got supposedly "easy to get" 74 logic. Trying to do fully maskable triggering, with 8 bit busses running everywhere, skew, timing, buffering, storage/retrieval, latching, all across dozens of channels is a big pain in the ass from a PCB perspective. You'd be talking dense 4 layers boards, and the cost of those would more than offset the cost of going the PLD/FPGA solution. It would also be physically BIG, and if you were to go to a modular 8 channels per card approach, you'd have to sort out motherboard mounting, bus interfaces and many other issues. It's ugly, don't do it, you'll regret it. Many of the FPGA/PLD vendors have free tools available, even if they are limited. Lattice and Atmel also have suitable FPGA/PLD solutions. If you have to pay much for software/hardware to do FPGA/PLD then you are going about it the wrong way. Flash devices are serial JTAG download, and you can often build your own serial cable from info available on the net. Same for the other FPGA, but they serial download into an external Flash or EEPROM device. A logic analyser is not complex, so you don't ned anything super fancy, a low level PLD will suffice, perhaps even one per 8 or 16 channels. That way you can stick to easy to use packages. External SRAM is cheap and easy, use cache RAM from old PC's, they can be had for FREE!. Using SRAM in an FPGA might seem neat, but it pushes up you FPGA complexity curve and you are looking at big QFP or BGA packages - yuk. Once again, not many enthusists are going to touch that, in fact I'd be willing to say none. The biggest issue with logic analysers though is probing, as others have mentioned. It's complex, and there is no easy solution to it. It's a major reason why DIY logic analysers are not, and never will be popular. Regards Dave C Craig Rodgers Jan 1, 1970 0 Well I've been convinced. I think that a PLD based approach is probably a reasonable one to take. The cost of the FPGA's themselves seem to have dropped significantly since I last checked them. I'm off to start comparing the synthesis tools from a few different vendors. A Andras Tantos Jan 1, 1970 0 Hi! Remember that the input lead inductance resonates with the input C. As you get anywhere near the resonant frequency, horrible things happen to the load on your circuit and the fidelity of your monitored signal. Inductance in the ground lead translates directly into crosstalk. That crosstalk affects not only your measurement, but also the device under test. You want as little current (lowest C and L) in that circuit as possible. And each channel has to be frequency compensated or you'll get another kind of pattern dependent skew. When you have eight probes with different grounds all tied together six feet away, you're askin' for more trouble. Thanks for the description. You surely pointed out a number of problems. How about this approach: put all the high-freq part of the LA into an FPGA, put a small uC/DSP by side of it, fix the whole thing up with a USB/Ethernet port and stuff the whole thing into the box of the POD of a usual LA. The cable length would be < 10cm (4 inches) in that case, the channel number whould be 8-9, but definitely under 16. More of these could be connected to a PC and be grouped into a wider virtual analizer. Triggering over multiple PODs like this would be hard though... Regards, Andras Tantos M me Jan 1, 1970 0 I'm not sure why all the problems, we've got cheap ($1200) Tek scopes that
work great for the engineers in debugging those frequesnecy ranges. Is there
a specific problem that you need solved so you can avoid the hassle?

R

rickman

Jan 1, 1970
0
mk said:
Hello Craig (and all),

I think it may be easier (and cheaper if you only count the cost of the
bits) than some of the replies so far suggest.

Use a Xilinx Coolrunner like XCR3128 (XPLA3 series) becuase these have 5V
tolerant inputs. The latest CoolRunner2 parts are not 5V tolerant.

The Xilinx Webpack software is not crippled at all (for these chips) and is
free. You can get details of what you need in the parallel port programmer
from the web or archives of this group and the build cost is a few \$.

You can clock the CoolRunner at 50MHz easily. Put it (and the memory) in the

Of course if you value your time at a typical business rate its better to go
out and buy a TEK or Agilent machine new but if you want fun this should
keep you amused for ages.

Good luck.

On the Coolrunner parts you need to be aware that the chips are only "4
volt tolerant" until power is applied. I don't know how robust these
parts will be considering that they don't really stand up to 5 volt
signals when not powered. You might be better off with a part with true
5 volt tolerance like the SpartanXL (I think) or the ACEX 1K. From the
ACEX data sheet, "Signals can be driven into ACEX 1K devices before and
during power up without damaging the device. Additionally, ACEX 1K
devices do not drive out during power up."

--

Rick "rickman" Collins

[email protected]
Ignore the reply address. To email me use the above address with the XY
removed.

Arius - A Signal Processing Solutions Company
Specializing in DSP and FPGA design URL http://www.arius.com
4 King Ave 301-682-7772 Voice
Frederick, MD 21701-3110 301-682-7666 FAX

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