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ESP8266

Simple Weather Station with BME280

August 03, 2022 by CIRCUITS DIY
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In this Tutorial, we are going to make a Simple Weather Station with BME280

Introduction

Today in this tutorial we are going to make a simple "ESP01 Weather Station with BME280".

This electronic project uses ESP8266 ESP01 as the control device that easily connects to the existing WiFi network & creates a Web Server. When any connected device accesses this web server, ESP8266 reads in temperature, humidity, barometric pressure & altitude from BME280 & sends it to the web browser of that device with a nice interface. Excited? Let’s get started!

The BME280 sensor uses I2C or SPI communication protocol to exchange data from Microcontroller. BME280 is simple & easy to use, pre-calibrated and doesn’t require any extra components to run. You can simply start measuring relative humidity, temperature, barometric pressure & approximated altitude in no time

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Circuit Diagram

ESP8266-ESP01-BME280-Weather-Station-Circuit-Diagram-Schematic.png

Hardware Components

Capture.JPG

ESP01 Weather Station Code

#include <ESP8266WebServer.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_Sensor.h>
#include <Adafruit_BME280.h>

#define SEALEVELPRESSURE_HPA (1013.25)

Adafruit_BME280 bme;

float temperature, humidity, pressure, altitude;

/*Put your SSID & Password*/
const char* ssid = "Circuits DIY";  // Enter SSID here
const char* password = "03433212601";  //Enter Password here

ESP8266WebServer server(80);              
 
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  delay(100);
  
  bme.begin(0x76);   

  Serial.println("Connecting to ");
  Serial.println(ssid);

  //connect to your local wi-fi network
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);

  //check wi-fi is connected to wi-fi network
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
  delay(1000);
  Serial.print(".");
  }
  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected..!");
  Serial.print("Got IP: ");  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());

  server.on("/", handle_OnConnect);
  server.onNotFound(handle_NotFound);

  server.begin();
  Serial.println("HTTP server started");

}
void loop() {
  server.handleClient();
}

void handle_OnConnect() {
  temperature = bme.readTemperature();
  humidity = bme.readHumidity();
  pressure = bme.readPressure() / 100.0F;
  altitude = bme.readAltitude(SEALEVELPRESSURE_HPA);
  server.send(200, "text/html", SendHTML(temperature,humidity,pressure,altitude)); 
}

void handle_NotFound(){
  server.send(404, "text/plain", "Not found");
}

String SendHTML(float temperature,float humidity,float pressure,float altitude){
  String ptr = "<!DOCTYPE html> <html>\n";
  ptr +="<head><meta name=\"viewport\" content=\"width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no\">\n";
  ptr +="<title>ESP8266 Weather Station</title>\n";
  ptr +="<style>html { font-family: Helvetica; display: inline-block; margin: 0px auto; text-align: center;}\n";
  ptr +="body{margin-top: 50px;} h1 {color: #444444;margin: 50px auto 30px;}\n";
  ptr +="p {font-size: 24px;color: #444444;margin-bottom: 10px;}\n";
  ptr +="</style>\n";
  ptr +="</head>\n";
  ptr +="<body>\n";
  ptr +="<div id=\"webpage\">\n";
  ptr +="<h1>ESP8266 Weather Station</h1>\n";
  ptr +="<p>Temperature: ";
  ptr +=temperature;
  ptr +="&deg;C</p>";
  ptr +="<p>Humidity: ";
  ptr +=humidity;
  ptr +="%</p>";
  ptr +="<p>Pressure: ";
  ptr +=pressure;
  ptr +="hPa</p>";
  ptr +="<p>Altitude: ";
  //ptr +=altitude;
  ptr +="m</p>";
  ptr +="</div>\n";
  ptr +="</body>\n";
  ptr +="</html>\n";
  return ptr;
}

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